By Any Means Necessary is a translation of a phrase used by the French intellectual Jean-Paul Sartre in his play Dirty Hands. It entered the popular civil rights culture through a speech given by Malcolm X at the Organization of Afro-American Unity Founding Rally on June 28, 1964. This poster, based on a famous photograph from EBONY magazine, popularized the slogan. Delivery: Unframed. Comes in square box tube or circle tube.